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Short-Term Energy Outlook

Release Date: November 7, 2017  |  Next Release Date: December 12, 2017  |  Full Report    |   Text Only   |   All Tables   |   All Figures

Renewables and Carbon Dioxide Emissions

  • Wind electricity generating capacity at the end of 2016 was 82 gigawatts (GW). EIA expects wind capacity additions in the forecast to bring total wind capacity to 88 GW by the end of 2017 and to 96 GW by the end of 2018.
  • Total utility-scale solar electricity generating capacity at the end of 2016 was 22 GW. EIA expects solar capacity additions in the forecast will bring total utility-scale solar capacity to 27 GW by the end of 2017 and to 31 GW by the end of 2018.
  • After declining by 1.6% in 2016, energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are projected to decrease by 0.8% in 2017 and then to increase by 2.1% in 2018. Energy-related CO2 emissions are sensitive to changes in weather, economic growth, and energy prices.
U.S. Renewables & CO2 Emissions Summary
  2015 2016 2017 2018
a Conventional hydroelectric power only. Hydroelectricity generated by pumped storage is not included in renewable energy.
b Includes electricity and heat generation
c Other renewables includes biofuels production losses and co-products
d Includes electric power sector use of geothermal energy and non-biomass waste
U.S. Renewables Consumption (quadrillion Btu)
Geothermal 0.212 0.226 0.229 0.236
Hydropowera 2.321 2.477 2.781 2.490
Solar 0.426 0.587 0.775 0.887
Waste Biomass 0.518 0.522 0.508 0.516
Wind 1.776 2.112 2.278 2.405
Wood Biomass 2.071 1.959 1.969 1.944
Electricity Subtotalb 7.311 7.867 8.528 8.450
Biomass-based Diesel 0.215 0.291 0.314 0.298
Ethanol 1.148 1.182 1.185 1.213
Biofuels Subtotal 1.363 1.473 1.500 1.511
Otherc 0.776 0.801 0.812 0.822
Total 9.450 10.140 10.844 10.784
Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Fuel (million metric tons)
Petroleum and Other Liquid Fuels 2295 2323 2331 2355
Natural Gas 1473 1485 1439 1514
Coal 1480 1354 1351 1360
Total Energyd 5260 5174 5133 5240

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